regenerative agriculture

Farmers are one of the important pillars of society. They grow the crops that we need for viability. With time the methods and practices of farming and agriculture have changed and according to some arguments following modern techniques of farming helps combat climate change. 

Regenerative agriculture has been in the farming industry for several years acquiring top positions. Regenerative agriculture deals with farming practices resulting in no environmental and social disorder. The science behind regenerative agriculture proves this practice as a way to heal the problem of climate change and improve sustainability in the agriculture industry.

What Is Regenerative Agriculture?

Regenerative agriculture is defined as a holistic approach of conservation and rehabilitation to farming systems. Essentially, regenerative agriculture is aimed at sustainable farming. Per the definition of Whole Foods, Regenerative agriculture is defined as the kind of farming and grazing practices that restore degraded soil, improve biodiversity and increase carbon capture to create long-lasting environmental benefits, such as positively impacting climate change.

These farming practices concerns

  1. Maintaining soil fitness

 2. organizing water usage

3. Responsible usage of fertilizer

As the name suggests, regenerative agriculture is based on the goal of regenerating resources that are depleted in the path of modern farming practices. Some basic features of farming that are frequently recognized as regenerative agriculture:

  1. Minimizing soil disturbance

2. Keeping the soil surface covered 

3. Keeping living roots in the soil

4. Growing a diverse range of crops

5. Introducing grazing livestock onto the land.

Healthy soil 

Regenerative farming largely focuses on soil fitness and it can even increase habitat and extent of organic matter in the soil. This accelerates more nourished and buoyant crops. Fit soil offers better yields and nutrient-rich crops. Moreover, fit soil withstands natural disasters like droughts and flooding. Also, erosion takes place slowly in the case of fit soil.

What Are The Forms of Regenerative Agriculture?

Safeguarding efforts including regenerative agriculture are:

  • usage of region appropriate crops for minimizing water usage, 
  • Crop rotation: rotating crops to help bring back and protect soil quality safeguarding animal well being.
  • Embracing local allocation networks to lessen the use of fossil fuels.

What Are the Farming techniques?

  • Regenerative farming techniques regenerates and replenishes the soils.The tilling  (plowing and land preparation) causes  negative effects on soil health. Erosion is caused by the tilling and there is a release of amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Regenerative agriculture techniques combat these two problems. At the stage of the soil cultivation regenerative agriculture techniques remove tillage and hence  soil disturbance is minimized to avoid erosion. In this practice the natural balance of the soil is preserved, so farmers can minimize the release of CO2 and increase consistency of organic matter in soil.
  • Other ways that help to protect and replenish the soil is the method of crop selection and rotation. The rotation of crops is planting of different crops in course of time that allows different plants to pull out and sediment different nutrients back into the soil during the life cycle of a particular crop. Further, selecting the indigenous crop to a certain geographical region  ensures that water use is minimized.

Livestock:

Regenerative agriculture practices include a holistic approach from crops management to land cultivation to livestock. These farming practices are cyclical and hence the livestock contributes to the health of the soil; the healthy soil contributes to the healthy produce and crops provide food for livestock, which at last contributes to the richness of the soil. 

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The distribution Models:

If regenerative agriculture is to play a role in fighting the climate crisis large-scale, national adoption and support are required. However, another carping feature of regenerative agriculture is expanding the self-reliance of local agriculture systems and circumventing the distribution across the country. Various movements corresponding to Eat Local can brace this by reducing the food travels from farther places ranging from production to final usage. Particularly in this kind of model the consumers are locals and are aware of where their food is coming from. Moreover, the food is fresher, and there is a conservation of fossil fuels in the process.

Further, regenerative agriculture is a decentralized local distribution model rather than a nationwide centralized one effectively in an effort to make the most of these benefits.

Focusing on Legal and Governing Enlargement:

Regenerative agriculture is a promising new drift composed to unsettle traditional agriculture industries. Regenerative agriculture aims to produce agricultural products in an environmentally and socially responsible manner by pursuing more natural coactions in farming practices. 

Private ownership has also started to welcome the practice. For instance, many large firms have made public fidelity to support sustainable farming practices in order to reduce carbon footprints around the world. 

  • The companies such as BMW, Honda, Hyundai, and Volkswagen have made commitments in order to contribute towards sustainable farming. For instance, BMW Group is consistently named as the world’s most sustainable car manufacturer for its efforts to create fuel-saving and alternative cars with clean production processes.
  •  Also in the year 2010, Ford set a public goal to lessen its carbon emissions by 30% in 15 years, but with its humongous initiatives the company reached its goal in half the time itself.
  • Moreover, Tesla is a brand known for manufacturing electric cars which are totally sustainable ones.
  •  Not only the manufacturing companies but agricultural companies namely Coca-Cola, Good-Eggs Indigo Agriculture cutting purely the usage of carbon footprints. 
  • Hospitality/Restaurants, travel companies, to governments and software companies are heading this initiative. For instance Microsoft has a futuristic goal to lessen its carbon track by 75% by 2030.

This needs legislation and government Support:

 Governments have started supporting efforts and even providing subsidies to adopt such farming practices. For instance, In India, Natural farming is promoted as Bhartiya Prakritik Krishi Paddhati Programme (BPKP) under a centralized scheme-Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY). BPKP is positively aimed at encouraging traditional local practices which reduce ostensibly procured inputs. It is established on-farm biomass recycling with major stress on biomass mulching, use of on-farm cow dung-urine formulations; periodic soil aeration, and banning of all synthetic chemicals.

Regenerative agriculture is the best-suited way to combat climate change and environmental issues. This is the most effective and sustainable way of farming.

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