Black holes are known for their destruction but have you ever thought of black hole giving birth? well, we are well versed with the fact that these space entities are very much complex and hold astonishing insights of this universe. Blackhole eat stars, however, in a recent study, it has been seen that they are not much violent. Despite it has been found that Black holes can create stars and they do not just eat. Yes, NASA finds a Black hole giving birth. A Blackhole named Henize 2-10 has been traced by the Hubble Space Telescope of NASA, 30 million light-years away.
Amy Reines, an astrophysicist at Montana State University told: “They had the feeling of something unusual happening in Henize 2-10, and Hubble proved it right by capturing the connection between a black hole and a nearby star-forming region 230 light-years away from a black hole”.
Researchers observed a very thin path stretching itself out from a black hole across space and ending in a stellar nursery. These black holes in the past were also seen throwing out cosmic plumes but till now researchers thought that this halted the star formation. However, this in opposite helps in the formation of stars in galaxies. Lead author Zachary Schutte said, “It was a surprise that rather than suppressing star formation the outflow enhanced the birth of new stars”.
Black holes create jets that suck out material from neighboring gas clouds or stars before slinging them back into space in the form of hot plasma moving closer to the speed of light. If gas clouds come in contact with the jet and have the right temperature then they become ideal nurseries to give birth to new stars. Reaching the Goldilocks zone is important as if the jets get too much temperature they lose their capability to cool down in-state necessary for star formation. As per NASA, more gentle and less big outflow from the black hole in the case of Henize 2-10 makes gas conditions perfect so that stars can take birth there.
Henize 2-10 stayed small over time and astronomers believe that figuring it out more could allow understanding smaller origins of huge black holes in detail, such as the processes that made them so enormous.
Although, where these black holes came from is still a question as the beginning era of a black hole is something that we had not seen but this fact of black hole giving birth is really astonishing in the field of research. Dwarf galaxies with such black holes might have some memories of the black holes seeding scenario that were lost in time and space.